Articles


Quality of Governance: A Paradigm for Comparative Public Administration

In an age of globalization, there is an added importance for the study of comparative public administration. Analyzing the complexities of comparative public administration, this study proposes a paradigm that can be applied across the world.


Human Resource Development Practices: Empirical Evidences from Sahid Gangalal National Heart Center

Human resource development (HRD) is the process of increasing knowledge, skills and capacities of employees. It is concerned with preparing the employees to work effectively and efficiently in the organization.


Working Environment for Female Employees in Bangladesh Corporate Sector Organizations: An Exploratory Study

The participation of women in employment has been increasing gradually in Bangladesh despite challenges and constraints due to the lack of congenial working environment. The issue of working environment is more significant when women are concerned.


Land Acquisition in Singur for Industrialization: SEZ, Politics and Economic Intricacy

This paper discusses the issues of land acquisition in changing politico-economic scenario of West Bengal. Here, the land acquisition criteria chosen are due to the peculiar political set up and economic necessities.


The Impact of Corruption on Women’s Political Participation at the Local Government Level: The Case of Sri Lanka

This paper analyzes how different manifestations of corruption hinder women’s political participation at the local level of governance in Sri Lanka.


Government-NGO Partnership in Community Development in Nepal: A Case of Kathmandu District

Over the past two decades, Nepal has expressed increasing concern over the welfare of the masses and focus has shifted towards more people-centered and community-led approach to development in partnership with non-government organizations (NGOs).


From Hierarchy to Market: Changing Balance in Modes of Governance in Higher Education Policy in Bangladesh

The economy of Bangladesh evolved through different phases like nationalization, denationalization and movement towards market-based economy. This paper identifies three major trends of market-based economy – privatization, trade liberalization and export promotion.


Global Value Chains and their Determinants: Comparative Analysis of OECD and BRICS Countries with Special Reference to Services

The internationalization of the supply chain has brought a new term to the forefront known as Global Value Chains (GVCs). The reduction in trade costs, increased trade facilitation, reduction in tariffs, liberalization of domestic economy, progress in the field of ICT etc.


Recruitment in Bangladesh Civil Service: Do Meritorious Get Enough Representation?

Merit in employment in public service is a key element of excellence. A competent civil service is indispensable for the active execution of public policy and public service delivery.


Does Institutional Change Ensure Gender Mainstreaming in Politics? The Experience of Bangladesh

Institutional change is considered as one of the important mechanisms to ensure gender main-streaming in politics since after the Beijing Conference in 1995.


Good Democratic Local Governance in Bangladesh: Ramification of Upazila Parishad in Accelerating Local Development

The objective of the paper is to look at the various governance and democratic aspects such as participation, accountability, transparency, rule of law etc. at the Upazila level in Bangladesh and to what extent the indicators portray good democratic local governance at the Upazila level.


Exclusion of Nomadic Pastoralists in the Policy Realm: A Case of Dhangar Community in Eastern Part of Satara District, Maharashtra, India

Since generations, the Nomadic Pastoralists have derived their livelihood from the livestock and related activities. Dhangar, a pastoral community from the semi-arid zone, rely on the sheep and goat rearing for their survival.


An Approach to Create a Sustainable Natural Water Resource Management System through Participatory Initiative in the Himalayan Region

Water is the most precious commodity in universe and perhaps only Earth is bestowed with this. Though we have plenty of it but it is only about 2 percent of earth’s fresh water, which sustains human life.


Challenges and Obstacles in Federalism and Democracy

This article briefly describes some of the challenges to the traditional fields of economy and political area: the public choice approach, the tragedy of the commons debate, the ‘new’ institutional economy, and behavioral challenges.


Compliance of Value Added Tax (VAT) Policy in Nepal: A Heuristic-Institutional-Functional Analysis

The synthesis of implementation theories illuminates on the policy mandates, individual and institutional capability and constructive engagement of the stakeholders. The compliance of the Value Added Tax (VAT) policy has been analyzed in light of different implementation theories.


1982 Citizenship Law in Burma and the Arbitrary Deprivation of Rohingyas’ Nationality

The Rohingyas have experienced difficulties in obtaining citizenship after 1982 Citizenship Law in Burma was enacted. Since the beginning of Burmese independence, their separate identity was recognized by the then democratic government of Premier U Nu (1948-1962).


Economic Diplomacy: A New Dimension of Nepalese Foreign Policy

Contemporaneous with the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Panchayat regime in the 1990s, policy makers in Nepal faced a sudden existential crisis in the foreign policy front.


Performance Management System: The Indian Case

The present paper is divided into 4 sections. Section 1 provides the introduction to Performance Management System (PMS), its evolution and status in India, performance monitoring and evaluation system (PMES), result based documents (RFD) at central and states and responsibility centers.


Issues Relating to Surrogacy in India and the ART (Regulation) Bill, 2010: A Critical Report

Not having a child of one's “own", a child that bears a genetic imprint of oneself, is a social problem. It can make life for some people miserable and for many others very difficult. This is because genes are the way through which families are made.


Women's Empowerment in South Asia: A Review Article

This article review of following articles Kabir, S. L. (2013) Women’s Participation in South Asian Civil Service- A Comparative Analysis of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, Dhaka: AHDPH. Afroza, S.


Inter-organizational Coordination in Urban Governance in Bangladesh: A Tale of Two Cities

The purpose of this paper is to map inter-organizational coordination in urban govern- ance in Bangladesh. Focusing on two city corporations in Bangladesh, it analyzes their coordination, both vertically and horizontally, with public and non-public organizations.


Strategy for Mobilizing Volunteers in Development in Nepal: Prospects and Challenges

The use of volunteers in development and service delivery in an organized form is a modern concept, however, the practice of volunteerism in the society has been found since times immemorial.


A Quest for Women's Political representations: Lessons from the Nordic Countries

The purpose of this paper is to map inter-organizational coordination in urban Political equality as a value is central to the normative theories of democracy, which considers that women are equal citizens and therefore should share equal voice with men in the public decision-making processes.


Non-electoral Representation in Public Policy: Institutional Capacity of Community Electricity User Groups in Nepal

While the need to access, involve, and empower citizens to the heart of public governance and decision-making for effective and accountable policy formulation and implementation remains a celebrated ideal, its outcomes, in reality, have been unyielding to a large extent.


Policy Formulation in Bangladesh: An Analysis of Environment Policy, 1992

Like many other emerging democracies, most public policies in Bangladesh are generally framed by the traditional bureaucratic elite following a ‘top down’ approach.


Democratic Responsiveness in Nepal: A Case of Constitution Drafting Process by Constituent Assembly

This paper examines the ways and means of the constitution drafting process in Nepal. It is argued that preparation of the constitution draft depends upon the mandate of the Constituent Assembly election, constitution-drafting process and pressure from the public.


Conscientization and Action towards Spousal Violence against Women in Rural Bangladesh: Can Credit-driven Self-employment Make Women Less Vulnerable?

This article explores the relationship between women’s self-employment and intimate partner violence against women at the household level.


Public-private-NGO Partnerships in Agricultural Service Delivery in Nepal

The delivery of agricultural services is one of the major activities of Nepal government to support the livelihoods of the Nepalese farmers and contribute in the development of the country.


Street-level Bureaucrats and Coping Mechanism: Reflection of Community Forestry Policy Implementation from Nepal

Scholars of public policy implementation research often note that the street-level bureaucrats’ working conditions are characterized by high service demand from their clients and sheer shortfall of organizational resources.


Democratization, Globalization and Policy Trend

Since the early 1980s, when Asian countries began to fall into economic shortcomings and crisis from which most of them are yet to recover, a considerable amount of scholarly and policy attention has been devoted in attempting to improve what has been broadly described as the “policy environment” on


A Review on Women’s Representation in Parliament: Bangladesh Perspective

Women’s equal representation in the parliament is important to enhance the nature and quality of democracy by making the legislature more representative. The political scenario in the different parts of the globe reflects a very woeful picture of women’s representation in legislative bodies.
Keywords: Bangladesh, Gender, Politics


The Complementarity of Politics and Administration in Developing Countries: A Theoretical Paradox?

Determining the role of bureaucracy in a democracy has always remained a key concern in the public administration literature. Discussions on this particular concept has highlighted two important issues.


Philosophical Debate to Study the Development of Federal Government Accounting in Islamic Republic of Pakistan

This paper discusses important philosophical issues to be taken into consideration for conducting government accounting research in Islamic Republic of Pakistan.


Policy and Practice of Urban Planning in Nepal: A Case of Public Community Participation

Modern urban planning practices began in Nepal after 1950, when the country was freed from the clutches of the age-old feudocracy of the Ranas.


Nexus between Women Entrepreneurship Development and Empowerment: Bangladesh Context

This paper aims to analyze the relationship between two major approaches of development: women entrepreneurship development and women empowerment that have been in application since a couple of decades in the developing world including Bangladesh.


Democratization in Bangladesh: An Analysis of Bangladesh Armed Force’s Non-intervention in Politics Influenced by the Participation in United Nations Peace Keeping Operation

Bangladesh Armed Force (BAF) is actively participating in the United Nations Peace Keeping Operation (UNPKO) since 1988. The growing involvement of Bangladeshi peacekeepers is tantamount to its new orientation with the functioning of generic constitutional process.


An Analysis of the State of Rule of Law during Assam Movement in Assam, India

Youth movement is a prominent feature of politics of Assam viewed as the most disruptive area of North-East India. Youth participation in various mass movements and their initiation of such struggles has been significant here.


Who Participates and Who Doesn’t? Lessons from a Community-based Development Project in Bangladesh

It is generally claimed that the second wave of participatory development, which received momentum in the 1990s, tends to be informed with broad-based social inclusion, social change and transformation.


Free Trade Agreement in South Asia: A Fad or Fortune

Present study analyses the issue of free trade agreement (SAFTA) in SAARC, if it is merely a fad or is a fortune. Though there is a small volume of bilateral trade between SAARC countries, the study revealed that there exists huge potential for bilateral trade.


E-governance Initiatives in Bangladesh: Some Observations

Even though e-governance is not a new phenomenon, it has been discussed much as a strategy of combating corruption, ensuring people’s participation, transparent and citizen-centric administration, providing better services at the least cost and thus in ensuring good governance in developing nations
Keywords: E-Governance, ICT


Governance of Agriculture Service Delivery in Nepal: Status, Issues, and Challenges

Governance is a prerequisite for managing the service delivery functions that can only be ensured through high accountability and transparency on the part of the government, local bodies and effective participation of the people.


Aid Conditionality for Reform: Effects on Country- ownership in Nepal

Donors have applied several models of conditionality for inducing policy reforms and institutional development in developing countries. This paper reviews the conditionality of policy-based lending (or structural adjustment) programs of Bretton Woods Institutions (BWIs)—the World Bank and IMF.


Leadership and Gender in Microfinance Institutions: Perspectives from Bangladesh

In the first decade of the twenty-first century, women have taken leadership roles in virtually all sectors of government, business, the not-for-profit community and social movements in many economically developing and developed countries.


Globalization and Its Impact on Indian Agriculture: A Study of Farmers’ Suicides in the State of Andhra Pradesh

As a central concept in the present day international scenario, globalization is difficult to define. Still, scholars have made attempts to provide a basic understanding of the concept.


Federal Government for Good Governance in Bangladesh

The paper suggests for abolishing division, the highest unit of field administration in the country; and in place of division, it proposes for establishing provincial government. There shall be 7 provincial governments as there are 7 divisions.


Administrative Reform in Bangladesh: An Overview of Political Dynamics

This paper explores the interplay between politics and administrative reform in Bangladesh by drawing some perspectives from other developing countries.


How Can Social Enterprises Become A “Bridge” Between Marginalized People And Society?

In recent years, social enterprises are attracting greater interest and expectations as a useful tool for tackling social exclusion in social, economic, institutional and political spheres, because they struggle to develop solidarity-based economy, promote democratization and bring more public benef


Strengthening Capacity Building for Local Functionaries: A Case of National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS) in South Indian State of Andhra Pradesh

India’s National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS) which is renamed as Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (from 2010) is considered as one of the most creative initiatives of post Independent India in the field of social policy.


Who Rules Whom? Structural Instability and Governance Patterns in Bangladesh

The contest for power between ruling political parties and the governing administration shapes the governance pattern of Bangladesh. It is a contest marked by structural instability.
Keywords: Bangladesh, Governance


Models of E-Government: Some Missing Links for Developing Countries

The endeavor to adopt e-government can be mapped as some logical sequential stages. Already there are some models describing the stages of e-government development. The starting point of these models of the stages of e-government development is from describing various phases of web presence.


Liberalization and Development of Financial Sector in Post-independence India

The financial sector in India has changed drastically since late 1990s due to technological innovation, financial liberalization with the entry of new private and foreign banks, and regulatory changes in the corporate sector.


Public-Private Partnership as a Policy Strategy of Infrastructure Financing in Nigeria

For much of Nigeria’s post colonial history, the state has been the dominant provider of infrastructure finance.


Youth Organizations as a Starting Point to Formal Politics: A Case of Malaysia

Civil society is an important agent for development, capable of ensuring national stability, and sovereignty to support progress and development. However, studies of civil society including youth organizations in Malaysia are rare in comparison to other areas.


Policy Making in Urban Bangladesh: Whose Domination?

The main purpose of this paper is to identify actors involved in the process of policy formulation in urban governance in Bangladesh and analyze the roles of dominant actors in the process of policy formulation. The study employed a case-oriented qualitative research method.


NGO Governance in Nepal: Convoluted Exercise for Ideal Desire

The notion of good governance is viewed as an important component for the effective service delivery. Good governance with moral conduct and ethical behavior is tied up with the accountability.


War and Democratization: Legality, Legitimacy and Effectiveness

Book Review o the book War and Democratization: Legality, Legitimacy and Effectiveness Edited by Wolfgang Merkel and Sonja Grimm, and published in 2008


Train, Not to Miss the “Train” of Development: A Critical Overview on the Role of Bangladesh Public Administration Training Center (BPATC)

‘Administration for Service of People’ was the slogan of the last reform commission in Bangladesh. But the present administration is attributed on many occasions to tortuous procedures, dinosaurous size, narrow outlook, inefficiency, red-tapism and many other negative connotations.


Is Professionalization Threat or Help for NPOs Tackling Social Exclusion?

The purpose of this paper is to investigate how professionalization of non-profit organizations (NPOs) affects participatory service provision and decision-making, one of the most important characteristics of NPOs, and to suggest how NPOs reconcile a democratic approach and a professional approach f


Models of Caring from India and Australia and Their Relationship to Social Capital

When caring is linked to social capital, it is generally assumed that the nature of the relationship is that social capital is a resource that can be used for care work (Beaudoin and Tao, 2008; Jeppsson-Grassman and Whittaker, 2008).


Post-Conflict Peace-Building in Nepal: A Perspective from Civil Society

The Nepalese civil society groups are enlarging the domain of public sphere to overcome democratic deficit, socially and ecologically unsuitable development and bitterly cleaved politics which has become a major challenge for peace-building.


Youth Activism and Challenges of Democratic Governance in Assam, India

The state politics of Assam, the most conflict-ridden area of North-East India, reflects increasing youth activism.


Fiscal Decentralization and Local Resource Mobilization in Nepal : The Case of District Development Committees and Village Development Committees

Resource mobilization refers to the collection and utilization of resources in an organized way to produce results according to the given system of governance.


A Critical Account of Policy Implementation Theories: Status and Reconsideration

This paper critically examines the theory of public policy implementation, discusses the issues of policy implementation studies and examines the applicability of such theory. The first generation implementation researchers find out the problems of policy implementation, i.e.


The Chittagong Hill Tracts Accord Implementation in Bangladesh: Ideals and Realities

Successful policy implementation is one of the prerequisites for establishing good governance in any country, especially when the goal is to establish peace. But what happens during the implementation process?


Towards Good Governance: A South Asian Perspective

South Asia has long been a neglected area of study, primarily because it has been a region of great deprivation, want and misery, seemingly far from the mainstream of international activity except occasionally in the news as a theatre of politics in the Cold War era.


Countering Corruption: Globally or Locally?

Corruption goes along with the meaning of dishonesty, treachery and untruthfulness. However, the exact meaning is difficult to arrive at as it varies depending on the various perspectives.


Innovations in Public Service Delivery for Ordinary Citizens

Innovations have become key players in defining pro-poor governance. While this provides visibility to a good work of an administrator it also raises many perplexing questions.


Governance Reform in Political Transition: The Case of Nepal’s Civil Service Reform

The democratic movements of 1990 and 2006 brought significant changes in political system in Nepal. Now, the civil service has to work in new political system embedded with many values which are not so much accustomed to the prevailed bureaucratic culture.


The Privatization Policy Transfer: A Nepalese Experience

After three decades of state intervention throughout the world the 1980s and 1990s have seen a marked reversal in economic policies. Instead of government intervention, control and centralized planning, there has been a renewed and invigorating emphasis on a market oriented strategy.


Development Role of the Local Governance Institutions in Bangladesh: Empirical Overview

Local governance institutions are widely recognized as the best ground in which people can learn the art of governance through their own experiences and the reality that exists around them.


Challenges of People’s Participation at Local Governance: A Case Study on the Standing Committees of Union Parishad in Bangladesh

The concept of "'local governance" is definitely a new and interesting dimension in the field of governance.