Education Commission Report

Bipasha Dutta's picture

From Hierarchy to Market: Changing Balance in Modes of Governance in Higher Education Policy in Bangladesh

The economy of Bangladesh evolved through different phases like nationalization, denationalization and movement towards market-based economy. This paper identifies three major trends of market-based economy – privatization, trade liberalization and export promotion. The paper argues that the reports of education committee and education policy 2010 in determining the nature of higher education respond to the economic trends in several cases. By analyzing relevant existing literature and five reports of the education committee, the paper reveals that the economy has moved forward to gain market orientation from hierarchy; at the same time the focus of the education commissions reports changes from the ‘denunciation of mechanization' (1972) to ‘use of technology in education' (2013). The paper finds that the higher education system in Bangladesh is responding according to the market demand and market economy, though at a slow pace.
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