Conscientization and Action towards Spousal Violence against Women in Rural Bangladesh: Can Credit-driven Self-employment Make Women Less Vulnerable?

This article explores the relationship between women’s self-employment and intimate partner violence against women at the household level. In other words, the article aims to analyze whether involvement in loan initiated self-employment makes women less vulnerable as a result of their financial independence and self-development. The article is based on both primary and secondary data. Primary data was collected from forty women borrowers by applying an ethnographic study focusing on the women’s self-beliefs and interpretation relating to the impact of credit initiated self-employment on their transformed attitudes and management of intimate partner violence. By analyzing empirical data, the article confirms that women’s self-employment had a positive impact that in certain circumstances made them less oppressed at home.

Globalization and Its Impact on Indian Agriculture: A Study of Farmers’ Suicides in the State of Andhra Pradesh

As a central concept in the present day international scenario, globalization is difficult to define. Still, scholars have made attempts to provide a basic understanding of the concept. The concept has become inextricably linked with the process of transformation touching upon every aspect of social, political and economic development in the globe. It can be seen as a process by which the population of the world is increasingly bonded into a single society. In the social front, globalization signifies closer interaction of people and homogenization of culture and value and the world being transformed into a ‘global village’ . Scholars like Anthony (1990), a British sociologist, conceive globalization as “the intensification of worldwide social relations which link distant localities in such a way happenings are shaped by events occurring many miles away and vice versa”. Robert Cox, an American political scientist (1994), visualizes globalization from a different perspective. For him, “The characteristics of globalization trend include the internalizing of production, the new international division of labour, new migratory movements from South to North, the new competitive environment that accelerates these processes, and the internationalizing of state making states into agencies of the globalizing world”. This concept has assumed much significance in both developing and developed nations- more so in the former as the people talk about dilution of state authority and interference of supra national institutions. The present paper is a theoretical study which discusses the impact of globalization on agriculture in India since two decades, the problems faced by the farmers, measures to be taken to overcome these problems and negative influence of globalization so as to improve the productivity, because 56% of the population still depend on agriculture in India, and the process of globalization cannot be reversed now. Hence, an attempt is made to highlight the positive and negative impacts of globalization on this important sector.
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