A Review on Women’s Representation in Parliament: Bangladesh Perspective

Women’s equal representation in the parliament is important to enhance the nature and quality of democracy by making the legislature more representative. The political scenario in the different parts of the globe reflects a very woeful picture of women’s representation in legislative bodies. Even now, none of the democracies around the world have been able to reach the numerically equal stage in terms of women’s parliamentary representation. In Bangladesh, although women are strengthening their positions in terms of education and employment, a career in politics is not one of them. The very small presence of women in the parliament is indicative of the very low level of their involvement in the country’s political arena. Democracy cannot flourish without a fair representation of women in the parliament, the most powerful institution of democratic nations. The factors that hamper or facilitate women's representation in elective positions vary with the level of socio-economic development, culture and the type of political system. Currently, the percentage of women members in Bangladesh parliament through electoral politics is just 6.3 per cent. This paper attempts to divulge into the key issues related to women’s extremely poor representation based on the critical reviews of the existing literatures.

Leadership and Gender in Microfinance Institutions: Perspectives from Bangladesh

In the first decade of the twenty-first century, women have taken leadership roles in virtually all sectors of government, business, the not-for-profit community and social movements in many economically developing and developed countries. In spite of this, there is a notable absence of women in top leadership positions because of a hidden bias against women. The paper explores the relationship between gender and leadership and also examines the impact of gender on leadership. Drawing on an empirical case study, this article examines how gender and leadership interact in a leading microfinance institution in Bangladesh. Although there are some concerns regarding women’s ability to lead, based on our research findings the article concludes that women can make meaningful contributions to such organizations as leaders. The paper also suggests that in modern globalised world various opportunities will be increased for those women (and men) who display more of the ‘feminine’ characteristics that the transformational leadership implies.
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