Gender Empowerment

Conscientization and Action towards Spousal Violence against Women in Rural Bangladesh: Can Credit-driven Self-employment Make Women Less Vulnerable?

Abstract: 
This article explores the relationship between women’s self-employment and intimate partner violence against women at the household level. In other words, the article aims to analyze whether involvement in loan initiated self-employment makes women less vulnerable as a result of their financial independence and self-development. The article is based on both primary and secondary data. Primary data was collected from forty women borrowers by applying an ethnographic study focusing on the women’s self-beliefs and interpretation relating to the impact of credit initiated self-employment on their transformed attitudes and management of intimate partner violence. By analyzing empirical data, the article confirms that women’s self-employment had a positive impact that in certain circumstances made them less oppressed at home.

Nexus between Women Entrepreneurship Development and Empowerment: Bangladesh Context

Abstract: 
This paper aims to analyze the relationship between two major approaches of development: women entrepreneurship development and women empowerment that have been in application since a couple of decades in the developing world including Bangladesh. The analysis has been drawn upon recent theoretical debates and arguments supported by empirical cases from Bangladesh. The paper argues, at the conceptual level, the relationship between women entrepreneurship development and women empowerment is complementary. The empirical evidences from Bangladesh, however, show that the typical entrepreneurship development approaches basically take a micro-finance based a narrow notion of entrepreneurship, which results in slow empowerment of women folks.
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