Gender Mainstreaming

Pranab Kumar Panday's picture

Does Institutional Change Ensure Gender Mainstreaming in Politics? The Experience of Bangladesh

Abstract: 
Institutional change is considered as one of the important mechanisms to ensure gender main-streaming in politics since after the Beijing Conference in 1995. The significance of institutional changes is immense in a country where society is dominated by patriarchy and males and institutions are not women-friendly. Under such a circumstance, the paper tries to explore the importance of institutional change in mainstreaming gender in the political process of the local government in Bangladesh and its impact on the state of women’s participation. Based on both empirical and secondary data, the finding of the study has come out with the conclusion that it is really difficult to ensure women’s greater participation in politics without bringing changes in the institutional rules. Institutional changes that have been brought through different reforms have become successful in ensuring the presence of more women in the local government political process, but those have failed to ensure real participation of women in the decision-making process. This has made them play an “ornamental” role in the decision-making process.
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