Good Governance

Federal Government for Good Governance in Bangladesh

The paper suggests for abolishing division, the highest unit of field administration in the country; and in place of division, it proposes for establishing provincial government. There shall be 7 provincial governments as there are 7 divisions. The central government shall be formed according to the rules of parliamentary democracy. It shall consist of the President, the Prime Minister, a Deputy Prime Minister and a cabinet. A provincial government shall compose of a Governor appointed by the President, the Chief Ministers and a council of ministers. The central legislature to be known as parliament shall be bicameral but the provincial legislature called Pradeshik Ayenshava (provincial legislature) shall be unicameral. The upper house of central legislature known as senate shall consist of 86 elected Senators of which two are reserved for the capital city of Dhaka. Each province shall elect an equal number of Senators. One-fourth of the Senators, except for the reserved two, must be from women who shall be elected by the Senators. The present central legislature called Jatiya Sangsad (House of Nation) shall remain as lower house consisting of 400 seats of which 100 will be reserved for women. The members for general seats shall be elected by direct election of the people; and women members for reserved seats shall be elected by the members from general seats. The provincial legislature called Pradeshik Ayenshava (provincial legislature) shall be an elected body. The number of its seats will vary from province to province with the variation of population size. Like central legislature, one-fourth of the seats of each provincial legislature must be reserved for women elected by the members from general seats. The term of both central and provincial legislatures shall be 4 years. The Deputy Prime Minister shall preside over the session of senate and also the joint session of senate and Jatiya Sangsad. The Speaker for Jatiya Sangsad and of Pradeshik Ayenshava shall be elected by their respective houses.
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NGO Governance in Nepal: Convoluted Exercise for Ideal Desire

The notion of good governance is viewed as an important component for the effective service delivery. Good governance with moral conduct and ethical behavior is tied up with the accountability. This paper, owing to this fact, attempts to see the trends of NGO accountability for establishing good governance in Nepal. Furthermore, this paper sketches briefly the emergence and the growth of CSOs and NGOs in Nepal and their pursuance to achieve good governance by being accountable and responsible entities. It also assesses the legal background for the support of NGOs activities. The paper discusses the practice followed by the surveyed NGOs in major activities like planning, financial management, operation programming, staffing, board management and community relationship of the Nepalese NGOs. A total of 93 NGOs were selected on the basis of purposive sampling. Attention was paid to include NGOs operating in different parts of the country, and carrying out various activities ranging from advocacy to community development and human rights. The respondents were mainly the board members of the sample NGOs.

The Chittagong Hill Tracts Accord Implementation in Bangladesh: Ideals and Realities

Successful policy implementation is one of the prerequisites for establishing good governance in any country, especially when the goal is to establish peace. But what happens during the implementation process? In this regard, the paper focuses on the much debated Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) Peace Accord implementation process which granted certain degree of power and autonomy to the Regional Council (RC) to administer and ensure the political, economic and cultural rights of tribal people in the hill tract. Findings indicate that the accord suffers from clear policy standard and objectives and there is a profound lack of political commitment on the part of the government towards the implementation. Moreover, personal and institutional interests of elites (local political leaders, army and bureaucrats), ideological conflict between different tribal organizations, intra-tribal rivalry and relation of distrust between Bengaliā€“tribal people are affecting the implementation of the policy.

Towards Good Governance: A South Asian Perspective

South Asia has long been a neglected area of study, primarily because it has been a region of great deprivation, want and misery, seemingly far from the mainstream of international activity except occasionally in the news as a theatre of politics in the Cold War era. It is also known as one of the most misgoverned areas of the world. Indeed, as a well known Bangladeshi scholar Rehman Sobhan has said: "South Asia is united by a common thread of 'misĀ¬governance'. In recent years, however, the wave of democratization has swept away some of the military/authoritarian and traditional polities in the region, This change together with the endemic ethnic conflicts and violence which have dogged practically every country of the region and the emergence of India as a country moving towards a rapid economic and industrial growth amongst other countries of South Asia have aroused the interest of scholars in this region. After discussing the various interpretation of the concept of "Good Governance", the paper aims to discuss some of the important challenges faced by the South Asian countries in revamping their administrative systems in order to discern the emerging perspective of "good governance" in South Asia, as distinct from its Western concept.
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