Non Government Organization (NGO)

Tek Nath Dhakal's picture

Strategy for Mobilizing Volunteers in Development in Nepal: Prospects and Challenges

Abstract: 
The use of volunteers in development and service delivery in an organized form is a modern concept, however, the practice of volunteerism in the society has been found since times immemorial. The traditional mode of voluntarism in Nepal was mostly based on personal relations and was also a felt need due to the lack of and/or the weak presence of the state to deliver basic services to the people particularly at the local level. In addition, the reciprocity of voluntary support and the contribution was also very much influenced by the religious feeling and the cultural practices. In Nepal, National Planning Commission (NPC) has initiated to mobilization of volun-teers through its National Development Volunteers Service (NDVS) program in development through various local level organizations such as District Development Committees, Health Posts, Agriculture service office, and the Animal Health Service including local academic institutions for the last fifteen years. In this context, query arises whether the NDVS program proves to be an appropriate strategy in Development and delivery of services in Nepal. This study reviews the implementation status of NDVS program and discusses with the volunteers and NDVS unit of the NPC to substantiate factual information. The study found that there was a high demand of such volunteers from the recipient organizations to substantiate the shortage of technical human resources in those local level organizations. It was also found quite important to build enthusiasm of volunteerism among the potential volunteers. The experience of such voluntary works also found to be helpful to the volunteers for skill development through practical learning, motivation to offer voluntary services, and useful for getting future career jobs. However, the NPC has been facing the challenge of sustainability of such schemes and retention of volunteers particularly the technical human resources due to the financial constraints, at least, to provide basic level of survival benefits to the volunteers.
Laxmi Kant Paudel's picture

Public-private-NGO Partnerships in Agricultural Service Delivery in Nepal

Abstract: 
The delivery of agricultural services is one of the major activities of Nepal government to support the livelihoods of the Nepalese farmers and contribute in the development of the country. The agricultural service provides both productive inputs and services to teach farmers about improved technologies so that they can improve productivity, incomes and standard of living. Effective and efficient services can help both the farmers and the economy of the nation as a whole. Nepal initiated partnership in the 1950s with the Tribhuvan Village Development Program (TVDP) in public-public partnership. Since efforts to transfer agricultural technologies to farmers are more effective when the state (GO), non-governmental (NGO), and private (PO) sectors work in partnership. The most effective partnerships proved to be GO+PO and GO+NGO. In this backdrop, the main objective of this paper is to revisit agricultural extension system in the context of emerging trend of partnership and argues that establishing the right partnerships and strengthening them through information enhances small farmers’ access to improve and relevant sustainable agricultural technologies. For this, this paper outlines the concept of partnerships, the context of agriculture service delivery by means of public-private partnership, emerging trends in agricultural service delivery and finally it concludes with the experiences of PPPs in the Nepalese context. This study concludes that experience with PPPs is moving in the positive direction. Furthermore, the participation of the target group is essential if PPPs are to bring the desired outputs.

Nexus between Women Entrepreneurship Development and Empowerment: Bangladesh Context

Abstract: 
This paper aims to analyze the relationship between two major approaches of development: women entrepreneurship development and women empowerment that have been in application since a couple of decades in the developing world including Bangladesh. The analysis has been drawn upon recent theoretical debates and arguments supported by empirical cases from Bangladesh. The paper argues, at the conceptual level, the relationship between women entrepreneurship development and women empowerment is complementary. The empirical evidences from Bangladesh, however, show that the typical entrepreneurship development approaches basically take a micro-finance based a narrow notion of entrepreneurship, which results in slow empowerment of women folks.

Youth Organizations as a Starting Point to Formal Politics: A Case of Malaysia

Abstract: 
Civil society is an important agent for development, capable of ensuring national stability, and sovereignty to support progress and development. However, studies of civil society including youth organizations in Malaysia are rare in comparison to other areas. The under-researched nature of this area strengthens the interest in examining youth organizations and their contribution to Malaysian political development. This study investigates the values, practices and characteristics of the civil society, especially the young people, in Malaysian political development. The main proposition of this study is that youth organizations play a significant role in Malaysian political development such as creating awareness and interest to formal and informal politics. Although the presence of informal groupings of youth is found in Malaysian society, this paper focuses on formal youth organizations because they are the major components of structured-organizations of the civil society or the non-governmental organizations (NGOs). These NGOs have comprehensive coverage geographically and inclusive of rural areas. The research employs a mixed-methods technique to address both primary and secondary data. These primary and secondary data are analyzed through independent and integrative analyses as such triangulation enhances the reliability and validity of the findings.
Shree Krishna Shrestha's picture

NGO Governance in Nepal: Convoluted Exercise for Ideal Desire

Abstract: 
The notion of good governance is viewed as an important component for the effective service delivery. Good governance with moral conduct and ethical behavior is tied up with the accountability. This paper, owing to this fact, attempts to see the trends of NGO accountability for establishing good governance in Nepal. Furthermore, this paper sketches briefly the emergence and the growth of CSOs and NGOs in Nepal and their pursuance to achieve good governance by being accountable and responsible entities. It also assesses the legal background for the support of NGOs activities. The paper discusses the practice followed by the surveyed NGOs in major activities like planning, financial management, operation programming, staffing, board management and community relationship of the Nepalese NGOs. A total of 93 NGOs were selected on the basis of purposive sampling. Attention was paid to include NGOs operating in different parts of the country, and carrying out various activities ranging from advocacy to community development and human rights. The respondents were mainly the board members of the sample NGOs.
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