Peace Keeping

Post-Conflict Peace-Building in Nepal: A Perspective from Civil Society

Abstract: 
The Nepalese civil society groups are enlarging the domain of public sphere to overcome democratic deficit, socially and ecologically unsuitable development and bitterly cleaved politics which has become a major challenge for peace-building. Modernization of the infrastructure of democracy, such as the state, political parties, NGOs, CBOs, public interest groups and the agencies of socialization, is a precondition to democracy consolidation and developing their compliance to democratic peace. Accountability of governance to the public and push for conflict-sensitive concrete programs requires civil society to work for conflict mediation as well as post-conflict reconstruction, reconciliation and peaceful coexistence along with the state, private sectors and international community. A robust interface between the state and institutions of civil society is essential to enable their efficacy in the realization of the vision of peaceful society that is both just and legitimate. Similarly, broadening awareness of the citizens about the changing nature of the national and local environment for all the actors, their interest positioning and shift from hostile position to identifying enlightened interests for shared gains is essential for a durable peace.

The Chittagong Hill Tracts Accord Implementation in Bangladesh: Ideals and Realities

Abstract: 
Successful policy implementation is one of the prerequisites for establishing good governance in any country, especially when the goal is to establish peace. But what happens during the implementation process? In this regard, the paper focuses on the much debated Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) Peace Accord implementation process which granted certain degree of power and autonomy to the Regional Council (RC) to administer and ensure the political, economic and cultural rights of tribal people in the hill tract. Findings indicate that the accord suffers from clear policy standard and objectives and there is a profound lack of political commitment on the part of the government towards the implementation. Moreover, personal and institutional interests of elites (local political leaders, army and bureaucrats), ideological conflict between different tribal organizations, intra-tribal rivalry and relation of distrust between Bengali–tribal people are affecting the implementation of the policy.
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