An Analysis of the State of Rule of Law during Assam Movement in Assam, India

Youth movement is a prominent feature of politics of Assam viewed as the most disruptive area of North-East India. Youth participation in various mass movements and their initiation of such struggles has been significant here. It has been viewed that every democratic movement in Assam seemed to be initiated by youth, which is evident from the colonial period. In the post independent era, youths are making a determined bid to change the existing society and polity of the state. Such movements have also toppled the state governments and at times forced governments to negotiate on issues involving policies affecting governance of the state. Such occurrences of youth movements in contemporary Assam center round democratic politics of India. Democratic politics involves a process of decision making that again involves popular participation. Participation of this kind would, of course, involve the principles of civil liberties and rule of law. Since youth movements have been a fact of history of the politics of Assam, there is a possibility that such movements might have affected the essential norms of democratic politics of the state. If we define democracy to include political participation, civil liberties and rule of law, it is necessary to examine how these features of democracy are affected by youth movement. This paper aims at examining how youth movement influences the democratic politics of Assam, particularly in the matter of rule of law. The researchable question we intend to examine is – does youth movement affect rule of law, the basic norm of democratic politics of the state? To facilitate the above, we plan to analyze the politics of the “Assam Movement” (1979-85) led by All Assam Students’ Union (AASU), the leading student union of Assam, for an enhanced understanding of consequences of youth movement for norms of democratic politics of the state.

Public-Private Partnership as a Policy Strategy of Infrastructure Financing in Nigeria

For much of Nigeria’s post colonial history, the state has been the dominant provider of infrastructure finance. The capacity of the Nigerian state for exclusive funding of infrastructure was, however, seriously challenged in the early 1980s when Nigerian economy was hit with a severe crisis culminating in the adoption of the IMF and World Bank-inspired Structural Adjustment Program (SAP). Under the SAP regime, the state was required to disengage from social delivery, including infrastructure provisioning. Within the context of the current global economic recession, the declining revenue base of the Nigerian state has made sourcing for alternative means of funding infrastructure inevitable. PPP represents one sure way of overcoming the challenges posed by the global financial crisis. This paper interrogates the phenomenon of PPP in Nigeria. It contends that while the initiative has high prospects, attaining its promises is contingent on the availability of certain success factors.
Narendra Raj Paudel's picture

A Critical Account of Policy Implementation Theories: Status and Reconsideration

This paper critically examines the theory of public policy implementation, discusses the issues of policy implementation studies and examines the applicability of such theory. The first generation implementation researchers find out the problems of policy implementation, i.e. uncertain relationship between policies, decisions and implemented programs. Similarly, the second-generation implementation studies focus on the 'development of an analytical framework of implementation', which includes the top-down, bottom-up perspectives and their synthesis. Therefore, the third generation implementation research should concentrate on explicit implementation theory building, which has not yet been realized.
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