Policy Exclusion

Exclusion of Nomadic Pastoralists in the Policy Realm: A Case of Dhangar Community in Eastern Part of Satara District, Maharashtra, India

Since generations, the Nomadic Pastoralists have derived their livelihood from the livestock and related activities. Dhangar, a pastoral community from the semi-arid zone, rely on the sheep and goat rearing for their survival. For generations, the community has been marginalised in the social, economic, political and academic sphere as well. Literature available on this community does not capture the issues related to their plights and exclusion in the policy realm. The study was conducted to assess the state response for the livelihood vulnerabilities of the community. It was found that, the community is excluded from the policy level discourses and decisions. Despite the livestock’s significant contribution in generating livelihood opportunities in rural areas, its importance is rarely reflected in the policy level dialogues. The study also put the clear picture that, the policies related to development corporations, Tribes and Forest Acts, veterinary services, education and health have made an exclusion of the community from the development process. Due to the lack of effective and strong policy provisions in the changing scenario, the community is not able to cope with the existing marginalization. Therefore, this paper attempts to provide empirical evidences on issues related to the marginalization and exclusion of Dhangar in the policy realm. Formulation of effective and inclusive policies can be an effective way to deal the exclusion of this community.
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