Public Private Partnership (PPP)

Laxmi Kant Paudel's picture

Public-private-NGO Partnerships in Agricultural Service Delivery in Nepal

The delivery of agricultural services is one of the major activities of Nepal government to support the livelihoods of the Nepalese farmers and contribute in the development of the country. The agricultural service provides both productive inputs and services to teach farmers about improved technologies so that they can improve productivity, incomes and standard of living. Effective and efficient services can help both the farmers and the economy of the nation as a whole. Nepal initiated partnership in the 1950s with the Tribhuvan Village Development Program (TVDP) in public-public partnership. Since efforts to transfer agricultural technologies to farmers are more effective when the state (GO), non-governmental (NGO), and private (PO) sectors work in partnership. The most effective partnerships proved to be GO+PO and GO+NGO. In this backdrop, the main objective of this paper is to revisit agricultural extension system in the context of emerging trend of partnership and argues that establishing the right partnerships and strengthening them through information enhances small farmers’ access to improve and relevant sustainable agricultural technologies. For this, this paper outlines the concept of partnerships, the context of agriculture service delivery by means of public-private partnership, emerging trends in agricultural service delivery and finally it concludes with the experiences of PPPs in the Nepalese context. This study concludes that experience with PPPs is moving in the positive direction. Furthermore, the participation of the target group is essential if PPPs are to bring the desired outputs.

Public-Private Partnership as a Policy Strategy of Infrastructure Financing in Nigeria

For much of Nigeria’s post colonial history, the state has been the dominant provider of infrastructure finance. The capacity of the Nigerian state for exclusive funding of infrastructure was, however, seriously challenged in the early 1980s when Nigerian economy was hit with a severe crisis culminating in the adoption of the IMF and World Bank-inspired Structural Adjustment Program (SAP). Under the SAP regime, the state was required to disengage from social delivery, including infrastructure provisioning. Within the context of the current global economic recession, the declining revenue base of the Nigerian state has made sourcing for alternative means of funding infrastructure inevitable. PPP represents one sure way of overcoming the challenges posed by the global financial crisis. This paper interrogates the phenomenon of PPP in Nigeria. It contends that while the initiative has high prospects, attaining its promises is contingent on the availability of certain success factors.
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