Representation

Jannatul Ferdous's picture

Recruitment in Bangladesh Civil Service: Do Meritorious Get Enough Representation?

Abstract: 
Merit in employment in public service is a key element of excellence. A competent civil service is indispensable for the active execution of public policy and public service delivery. Government needs to confirm that brilliant, capable and devoted people are in employment in the arena of civil service to form a well-organized civil service system. A comprehensive recruitment plan contributes stress on merit rather than any other concern. However, merit has not given proper prominence in our recruitment rule. Most of the posts in the civil service are reserved for the desired groups through the system of quota. Owing to the gaps in the recruitment system, a great number of unskilled applicants have come into the civil service and creates stumbling block towards the way of representation of meritorious candidates. The consequence of such recruitment has been distressing for the country. The paper mentions some recommendations to become free of this condition so as to generate job opportunities to the meritorious and promising applicants with effectiveness for ensuring good governance in the state.

Non-electoral Representation in Public Policy: Institutional Capacity of Community Electricity User Groups in Nepal

Abstract: 
While the need to access, involve, and empower citizens to the heart of public governance and decision-making for effective and accountable policy formulation and implementation remains a celebrated ideal, its outcomes, in reality, have been unyielding to a large extent. Controlled arenas of public policy deliberation and deficits within traditional electoral representation system have curtailed actual voice and concerns of citizens in public policy, leading to failure in policy adoption and implementation. Increasingly, actors and institutions outside the government have been found identifying themselves with policy functions of the government. Involvement of the third sector in complimentary roles in service provisioning, resource distribution, and infrastructure management has enabled alternative modes of mainstreaming marginalised voices in public policy processes. Changing notion and dynamics of traditional political constituency has resulted in representative claims to surface from within collective non-electoral representative institutional structures. Having common shared agendas and an egalitarian mandate, these institutions are calling for recognition in public policy functions. The growing network of Community Electricity User Groups in Nepal claims to represent a constituency of rural population across Nepal, who have been traditionally alienated by the state in favour of urban populace for electricity access. This paper discusses the institutional capacity of South Lalitpur Rural Electricity Cooperative to represent the voices of local electricity users in public policy formulation. Its objective is to assess the legitimacy of representative claims in rural electrification. Findings show that it is not sufficient to trace policy agendas across various representative levels to conclude on the legitimacy of representation, and the process of building representative agendas is largely affected by institutional decision-making structure, democratic practice in self-renewal and accountability of local leadership
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