Social Capital

Government-NGO Partnership in Community Development in Nepal: A Case of Kathmandu District

Over the past two decades, Nepal has expressed increasing concern over the welfare of the masses and focus has shifted towards more people-centered and community-led approach to development in partnership with non-government organizations (NGOs). In this context, this study is structured around two main questions: Is the existing government-NGO partnership effective in facilitating community development at the local level? To what extent do the existing programs adopted by the government and NGOs support community development at the local level? Mixed research design was employed for the study. The study draws upon the theoretical insights of social capital theory and qualitative and quantitative data collected to test the theory. Research shows that existing partnership between the government and NGOs does not seem to be effective in achieving the expected results. Although the existing programs adopted by the government and NGOs seem to support community development, the extent of their support depends on the influence of local politics. The findings are in line with the findings of Mattessich, Murray-Close, and Monsey (2001) and Asaduzzaman (2008).

Models of Caring from India and Australia and Their Relationship to Social Capital

When caring is linked to social capital, it is generally assumed that the nature of the relationship is that social capital is a resource that can be used for care work (Beaudoin and Tao, 2008; Jeppsson-Grassman and Whittaker, 2008). When there is inadequate funding of aged care services by the State, the social capital may be seen as a substitute for economic and human capital. Caring, therefore, is seen as a drain on capital, whether it be economic or social capital. However, this does not have to be the case. Aged care services, if thoughtfully designed, can not only consume social capital but also generate it. Examples from India and Australia have revealed some models of elder care which specifically address the generation of social capital. The analysis presented in this paper shows how the key elements of social capital are addressed in each model and assesses their strengths and limitations for community building.
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