Youth

An Analysis of the State of Rule of Law during Assam Movement in Assam, India

Abstract: 
Youth movement is a prominent feature of politics of Assam viewed as the most disruptive area of North-East India. Youth participation in various mass movements and their initiation of such struggles has been significant here. It has been viewed that every democratic movement in Assam seemed to be initiated by youth, which is evident from the colonial period. In the post independent era, youths are making a determined bid to change the existing society and polity of the state. Such movements have also toppled the state governments and at times forced governments to negotiate on issues involving policies affecting governance of the state. Such occurrences of youth movements in contemporary Assam center round democratic politics of India. Democratic politics involves a process of decision making that again involves popular participation. Participation of this kind would, of course, involve the principles of civil liberties and rule of law. Since youth movements have been a fact of history of the politics of Assam, there is a possibility that such movements might have affected the essential norms of democratic politics of the state. If we define democracy to include political participation, civil liberties and rule of law, it is necessary to examine how these features of democracy are affected by youth movement. This paper aims at examining how youth movement influences the democratic politics of Assam, particularly in the matter of rule of law. The researchable question we intend to examine is – does youth movement affect rule of law, the basic norm of democratic politics of the state? To facilitate the above, we plan to analyze the politics of the “Assam Movement” (1979-85) led by All Assam Students’ Union (AASU), the leading student union of Assam, for an enhanced understanding of consequences of youth movement for norms of democratic politics of the state.

Youth Organizations as a Starting Point to Formal Politics: A Case of Malaysia

Abstract: 
Civil society is an important agent for development, capable of ensuring national stability, and sovereignty to support progress and development. However, studies of civil society including youth organizations in Malaysia are rare in comparison to other areas. The under-researched nature of this area strengthens the interest in examining youth organizations and their contribution to Malaysian political development. This study investigates the values, practices and characteristics of the civil society, especially the young people, in Malaysian political development. The main proposition of this study is that youth organizations play a significant role in Malaysian political development such as creating awareness and interest to formal and informal politics. Although the presence of informal groupings of youth is found in Malaysian society, this paper focuses on formal youth organizations because they are the major components of structured-organizations of the civil society or the non-governmental organizations (NGOs). These NGOs have comprehensive coverage geographically and inclusive of rural areas. The research employs a mixed-methods technique to address both primary and secondary data. These primary and secondary data are analyzed through independent and integrative analyses as such triangulation enhances the reliability and validity of the findings.

Youth Activism and Challenges of Democratic Governance in Assam, India

Abstract: 
The state politics of Assam, the most conflict-ridden area of North-East India, reflects increasing youth activism. The official records of the All Assam Students’ Union, the biggest student organization of North-East region, and government reports on those as well as other material evidences show that youth activism has toppled the state governments, and also, at times forced governments to negotiate on issues involving policies affecting polity and society of all the states in North-East India. We also see youth making a determined bid to change the existing socio-political processes of the state. Such activism could be summarized as the engagement of youths in organizing people for some aspects of social action. It is also found that contrary to the Western societies, the hegemonic role played by both the youths and middle classes has been instrumental in achieving the unity of the community involving all segments of the greater Assamese community. Such activism in contemporary Assam is taking place in a political reality which centers round democratic governance of the state of India. Therefore, there is a possibility that the political attitude and the behavior of the youth might have challenged the democratic governance of the state affecting the process of development. This paper aims at examining how youth activism as a social phenomenon influences the democratic governance in Assam, particularly in the matter of popular participation. The researchable question we intend to examine is – does youth activism motivate people to participate in democratic politics? There is an urgent need to examine this aspect so that we can arrive at a better understanding of youth activism and its consequences for democratic governance of the state.
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